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Guidance Related to Security Sector Reform

This paper identifies the conceptual and practical common ground for Business and Human Rights (BHR) and Security Sector Reform (SSR) from which to address shared security and human rights challenges. Beyond a conceptual analysis of the relationship between the fields of SSR and BHR, the paper includes three extensive case studies (Guinea, Papua New Guinea and Colombia) that highlight how operational challenges in extractives can be related to broader challenges in the security sector, with serious consequences for communities and companies. Finally, the paper identifies ‘lessons learned’ and translates them into guidance in five focus areas: stakeholder engagement, risk assessment, training, monitoring, and oversight and accountability.

The ITGNs provide SSR guidance to UN personnel in the field and at Headquarters. They also represent a platform from which the UN can launch joint initiatives with partners, including Member States, multilateral and regional organizations and partners in the private and public sector. The six main sections of the document cover the following topics: 1) UN approach to SSR; 2) National ownership; 3) Gender; 4) Peace processes; 5) Democratic governance and 6) Policies and strategies.

The purpose of the OECD DAC Handbook on Security System Reform is to ensure that donor support to SSR programmes is both effective and sustainable. “It is targeted at development, security, rule of law and diplomatic personnel - practitioners in field missions, including from the private sector, and those working on policy and strategy issues at headquarters” (Executive summary). The Handbook has eight sections: 1) Principles of security system reform; 2) Fostering a supportive political environment; 3) Undertaking security system reform assessments; 4) Designing programmes of support for SSR processes; 5) Strengthening national capacity; 6) Developing an integrated approach to SSR in post-conflict situations; 7) Implementing SSR sector by sector; and 8) Managing, monitoring, reviewing and evaluating SSR assistance programmes.

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